Beirut things To Do - activities, hotels, golf courses & car rental
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During the Lebanese Civil War (1975-1990), part of the historic city center and a border area known as the 'green line' were almost completely destroyed. Before that, the city was known as the Paris of the East because of its allure. During this civil war, the attack on the international peacekeepers in Beirut also took place, which would lead to the withdrawal of a US army stationed in the country.
In the meantime, there has been a huge catch-up movement. For example, most of this city has been restored in a unique style that takes into account the historical value of the buildings without losing sight of contemporary needs. In Travel and Leisure's 2006 World Best Awards, Beirut was ranked 9th among cities, behind New York and ahead of San Francisco
The exact population of the city is unknown, as the last census dates from before the Lebanese Civil War. In 1991, shortly after the war, the population was estimated at 1.5 million; in 2012 it amounted to an estimated 2,060,363 persons. The city is one of the most diverse in the Middle East, divided between Christians (Maronites, Melkite Greek Catholics, Greek Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, Armenian Catholic, Roman Catholic and Protestant), Muslims (Sunni, Shia) and a minority of Druze. According to data from the CIA World factbook, Muslims make up about 60% of the Lebanese population, Christians 39%. However, the population of Beirut is now probably evenly divided between the various Christian and Muslim groups. Most of the city's guest workers are African and Asian Christians, but there hasn't been a census since 1932.
Geography and climate
Beirut lies on a relatively narrow strip between the Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea. The coastline is very diverse. For example, sandy and rocky beaches alternate, and land reclamation is also done due to the limited surface area.
Beirut has a Mediterranean climate characterized by a hot and dry summer, pleasant spring and autumn, and a cool, rainy winter. August is the hottest month of the year with an average temperature of 29 °C, while January and February are the coldest with an average temperature of 10 °C.